In detail

How to cultivate and prune phalaenopsis?

How to cultivate and prune phalaenopsis?



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The characteristics of phalaenopsis

  • Type: flower, flowering plant
  • Height: up to 60cm
  • Flower color: red, white, pink, yellow, purple, brown, blue
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Type of soil: well drained, rich in humus
  • Foliage: persistent
  • Interview :significant light requirement, moderate watering
  • Location: living room, dining room, living room
  • Sanitizing: no
  • Diseases and pests: aphids
  • Varieties: Phalaenopsis x elegant debora, Phalaenopsis x philadelphia, Phalaenopsis schilleriana, Phalaenopsis stuartiana

Origins and characteristics of phalaenopsis

The phalaenopsis are part of the Orchidaceae family. They are very popular indoor plants, even if they sometimes give home gardeners a hard time. They are native to tropical areas, forests of Asia, Malaysia and northern Australia. This is why phalaenopsis needs heat and humidity to develop.

If it was first sought by collectors and botanical enthusiasts because it is a rare species, it is now the most cultivated flower by horticulturalists. There are currently around sixty botanical species and more than 10,000 hybrid species. These are the most suitable for indoor growing.

The different types of these butterfly orchids are obtained by crossbreeding. The little trick to know to identify the parents of his phalaenopsis is to look at his name. For example, phalaenopsis stuartiana x schilleriana indicates its cross between phalaenopsis stuartiana and phalaenopsis schilleriana by the letter x which separates them.

Sowing and planting of phalaenopsis

The seeds of orchids are tiny. Sowing thephalaenopsisis therefore reserved for professionals.

Phalaenopsis being a flowering plant requiring an environment close to that of tropical forests, it is essential to provide it with a special soil for orchids containing moss and pine bark.

Prefer a transparent plastic pot to a ceramic or terracotta pot for growingphalaenopsis. When located in a pot, the aerial roots of the phalaenopsis allow it to be properly maintained. Transplantation is only necessary after 2 or 3 years, when the plant comes out of its pot. You can repot them during the summer.

Cultivation and maintenance of phalaenopsis

Quite simple to grow, phalaenopsis indoors in a bright, but indirect, place where the heat is around 20 ° C without ever falling below 10 ° C. It is essential to avoid placing it in a drafty place.

Phalaenopsis are pleasant in a room with good ambient humidity. Their ideal location in the house? The kitchen or the bathroom, where the atmosphere is not too dry.

If you decide to install them in another room of the house, group them on a tray covered with clay balls. Spray regularlyphalaenopsis with rainwater or mineral water. Be careful though: orchids hate having wet feet. Excess water combined with too cold temperatures will cause the leaves to soften and the plant to rot.

Make sure to use diluted orchid fertilizer once a month during the orchid's growth period. Very hungry for nutrients, phalaenopsis requires special orchid fertilizer, during the flowering period and in summer, once every 10 days. In winter, monthly fertilization is sufficient.

Does your phalaenopsis no longer flower? The ideal solution to hope to see bloom again quickly enough phalaenopsis is to cut the stalk of faded flowers. It takes 2 or 3 knots from the start of the stem and cut at least 1cm above the last knot.

Diseases and pests of phalaenopsis

Easy to maintain, phalaenopsis is also little affected by pests and diseases. The only problem you may experience is excess water which causes the orchid to rot. In this case, eliminate the soft parts of the plant. Then transplant the healthy parts into a new pot.

If you notice a reddening of the leaves of thephalaenopsis, it is due to excess light and too direct light. On the contrary, the lack of light gives dull leaves.

Thephalaenopsiscan sometimes be attacked by aphids and mealybugs. Shower the plants to remove aphids. Also spray rapeseed oil on the plant to suffocate them.