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The characteristics of verbena
- Type: aromatic and officinal plant
- Height: from 0 to 30 cm, from 30 to 60 cm
- Flower colors: red, white, pink, purple
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: rich in humus, fresh
- Foliage: spent
- Interview: easy to maintain
- sanitizer: no
- diseases: powdery mildew, downy mildew
- variety: Verbena bonariensis, Verbena triphylla, Aloysia citrodora, Verbena rigida, Glandularia peruviana
Origins and peculiarities of verbena
Theverbena officinalis (Verbena officinalis) is a herbaceous plant Edible from the Verbaceae family, is sometimes called sacred grass or witch grass. This aromatic plant, considered as a miraculous plant since Antiquity, is also used as an ornamental plant in gardens, even if by its small size and the delicacy of its stems and flowers it is rather discreet! Moreover, it is not uncommon to find it in the wild in meadows or by the roadside without even paying attention!
If the most commonly used species in Europe is verbena (Verbena officinalis), there are around a hundred species of verbena around the world, including lemon verbena or the verbena from india.
Easy to cultivate, it is a delight for budding gardeners who have a plant with multiple virtues. Verbena officinalis has many properties that make it very useful in the world of cosmetics or phytotherapy.
Use of verbena
Theverbena essential oil officinale is used in the manufacture of cosmetic products for its pleasant odor and because it is able to soften and tone the skin.
Verbena is also consumed, especially in herbal tea, to promote sleep, due to its soothing and anti-stress properties.
To note: once harvested, you can use fresh verbena during the day, or dry it in the oven.
Verbena is sown from March until April, as soon as the outside temperatures start to soften. It is however advisable to start by sheltering the seedlings in greenhouses or at least under cover, because morning frosts are still possible at this time of the year. It is therefore preferable to maintain a temperature of around 20 ° C.
Then transplant in a bucket and start taking them out if the sun is out. Wait until May to transplant verbena in place, in beds in groups, in pots or planters. Each foot should be spaced about 25 centimeters from the others. Note that the purple cascade verbena is very popular for its drooping habit, especially that of the cascade hybrid verbena.
From repotting, theverbena watering must be regular, without excess. A liquid fertilizer supply adapted to flowering plants is almost essential.
This is news that will delight lazy gardeners:verbena care is not the most demanding! In fact, for your verbena to flourish, you just need:
- Take care to provide it with the nutrients necessary for its development.
- Water it enough.
- A light hoeing of the soil can also be useful to limit the occurrence of weeds (weeds).
The verbena pruning mainly concerns the fragrant verbena species, which is in the form of a shrub. A pruning shear is enough to cut the segments during harvest. This size favors new ramifications.
Diseases and pests of verbena
If verbena is affected by rust, powdery mildew or mildew, it is best to remove the affected parts and destroy them by burning them and then disinfect the tools to avoid the risk of contamination to other plants in the garden.