From the nahuatl "tomati", a word which used to designate the fruit of the tomatilla, the tomato is a herbaceous plant which belongs to the Solanaceae family. Originally from South America, and more particularly from Peru, the tomato was imported into Europe from the 16th century by the Spanish. Today cultivated in more than 170 countries in the world, this plant gives birth to a climacteric fruit which is among the foods most consumed by humans and which bears the same name: tomato. Today, the tomato is one of the plants found most in small French vegetable gardens.
Cultivable in all types of climates, the tomato (solanum lycopersicum) however needs sun and high temperatures. Fragile, it will not survive temperatures below 5 ° C. This is why it is advisable to grow it in places capable of maintaining a temperature equivalent to 15 ° C minimum and up to 25 ° C in summer.
It is necessary to make its sowing rather early, around February-March, in the shelter in temperate climate. The tomato seedss are then transformed into young plants to be transplanted between April 15 and May 15, as soon as the frost period has passed. In the vegetable patch, the plants should be spaced about 50 cm apart. It is necessary to support them to prevent the weight of the fruit from making the plant fall.
In terms of maintenance, the tomato plants require a lot of observation to detect the appearance of the small tomato flower white that will turn into fruit. It is imperative to mulch in order to maintain soil moisture and avoid weed invasions. It is also necessary to regularly cut the greedy ones so that the tomatoes accumulate more sugars.
Tomato late blight, the best-known disease, occurs in hot, humid weather. To prevent this disease, nettle manure applied to the soil is very effective. To avoid insect attacks, it is necessary to plant carnations of India which will make diversion and will attract the pests.
Uses of Tomato
Although it is served as a vegetable on our plates, the tomato is a fruit. It can be eaten raw or cooked. In salad, sauce or stuffed, the tomato is used in many recipes around the world. Find the tomato seeds and plants from the shop! Reference: The tomato for the prevention of prostate cancer! on Passeport Santé.